Dynamics/dynamic level: The term for the relative volume level in music. The most common terms are:
-Pianissimo (pp): Very soft
-Piano (p): Soft/quiet
-Mezzo-piano (mp): Somewhat soft
-Mezzo-forte (mf): Somewhat loud
-Forte (f): Loud/strong
-Fortissimo (ff): Very loud
Fermata: A small arch (with a dot beneath it) placed over a note that indicates the note should be sustained longer than its ordinary duration
Da capo al fine: An indication at the bottom of a piece of music telling the performer to return to the beginning (the “capo” = head in Italian) and re-play the music until the word “fine” (finish).
Measure: A grouping of notes that collectively “add up” to the number of beats permissible according to a particular work’s time signature. Each measure (also called a bar) is separated from the following measure by a bar-line.
TAJ MUSIC TEAM.